Governance

1

  1. 1- Legislature

    This Shehri Pakistan campaign explores the legislature as one of the three branches of the government of Pakistan. The importance of understanding the legislature, its limitations and relationship with other institutions is largely important to understanding how a constitutional democratic state operates.

    Objectives

    • Provide a useful working definition of the term that can be easily comprehended by viewers.
    • Display the hierarchy in the legislature between the National Assembly and the Senate.
    • Distinguish the functions of the legislature from the other two branches of government i.e. the judiciary and the executive.
    • Display the legislative process i.e. how laws are conceived, debated and passed.
    • Provide an overview of the composition of legislative bodies.
    Posters
  2. 2- Judiciary

    An institution as potent as the judiciary continues to be inaccessible to many. It functions and operates in languages that are not only difficult but completely alien to many ordinary citizens. Therefore, it becomes crucial that citizens be made more aware of various aspects of the judiciary in order to be fully empowered because access to the judiciary means access to a means of private and public justice as well as, crucially, access to an institution that can hold the state,laws and lawmakers accountable to the constitution.

    Objectives

    • To explain the functions of the judiciary
    • To differentiate the judiciary from the other two branches of government i.e. the legislative and the executive
    • To explain the hierarchy and jurisdiction of different courts
    • To make citizens aware of the situation in which they may seek the help of a court of Law
    Posters
  3. 3- Local Government

    Pakistan’s system of governance is structured along federal, provincial and local lines. Local bodies are the lowest tier of governance and cater to grass root concerns. They work directly under the provincial government and oversees a range of issues from sanitation to the registration and issuing of birth and death certificates. The distribution and division of power is such that local government enjoys a relative degree of autonomy in some areas but completely defers to provincial government directives in other areas.

    Objectives

    • Introduce viewers to legislation on local government
    • Explain the functions of local government
    • Display the structure and composition of local government
    • Highlight issues that citizens may bring to their respective local government representatives
    • Indicate means through which citizens may contact local government representatives
    • Highlight the local government level as a meaningful medium of political engagement and participation.
    Posters
  4. 4- Separation of Powers

    Shehri’s dynamic content production allows for immediate incorporation of users FAQ’s into engaging videos. After the 2018 General Elections, users expressed a keen interest in the appointments, roles and delegation of power between various state bodies and functionaries. Shehri then ran an extensive campaign of short, captivating videos which explain this breakup of power succinctly.

    Objectives

    • Explain at length how a government comes to be post elections
    • Differentiate between the Cabinet, the National Assembly and the Senate
    • Explain the particular roles and powers of functionaries like the President, Prime Minister, Chief Minister, NA Speaker etc.
    • To detangle complex information about state operations so as to facilitate the active participation of citizens in democratic processes
    Posters
  5. 5- Government Ministries

    This was another campaign which was a result of an influx of queries by shehris. After the 2018 General Elections, users frequently inquired about the functions of Government Ministries. Shehri shortlisted ministries with the most important and direct impact on the lives of citizens and and produced a short video for each.

    Objectives

    • To highlight the functions, responsibilities and scope of power of various ministries
    • To dispel popular misconceptions about ministries and cultivate trust in the state’s operative mechanisms
    Posters

Constitutional Literacy

2

  1. 1— Right to Information

    The right to information is enshrined in the constitution of Pakistan as Article 19A. The article specifically states that “Every citizen shall have the right to have access to information in all matters of public importance subject to regulation and reasonable restrictions imposed by law.”

    The right to information is a hallmark of representative government because it directly empowers citizens such that they may hold governments accountable and ensure that state promises are kept.

    Objectives

    • Direct attention towards constitutional provisions regarding public access to information
    • Emphasize the importance of the right to information and its impact on the citizen’s capacity to hold the state accountable
    • Highlight examples of the various types of information that a citizen has a legal right to demand from the state
    • Provide templates of basic information request forms that may be submitted to various institutions/ministries
    • Demonstrate the relative ease with which one may demand and acquire information that one is legally entitled to
    Video
  2. 2— Right to Education

    The right to education is enshrined in the constitution of Pakistan as Article 25A. Constitutionally speaking, the state of Pakistan is supposed to “… provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such manner as may be determined by law.”

    Objectives

    • Direct attention towards promoting constitutional provisions regarding education
    • Direct attention towards provincial pieces of legislation on education most notably the provincial education acts
    • Contextualize and generate an empathic response towards contemporary issues such as corporal punishment in schools, ghost schools, absentee teachers etc
    Video
  3. 3— Right to Life

    Under article 9 of the constitution, citizens have a right to life which protects the quality of life of every citizen. It encompasses citizens’ health, right to clean air and environment, access to clean water, unlawful detention, privacy, and happy family life, collective security and much more.

    Objectives

    • To explain access to clean water as a fundamental right
    • o highlight Pakistan’s water crisis
    • To explain the structure of tertiary care hospitals
    • To make citizens aware of their rights and responsibilities as patients
    • To instil a sense of responsibility in citizens towards their environment
    Right to Life
    Video
  4. 4— Right to Movement

    Freedom of Movement is a fundamental right (Article 15) that enables all citizens to move freely in the country. The article reads: Every citizen shall have the right to remain in, and, subject to any reasonable restriction imposed by law in the public interest, enter and move freely throughout Pakistan and to reside and settle in any part thereof.

    Objectives

    • To explain the relatively complex way in which this right manifests for citizens
    • To highlight the significance of a right that may otherwise not be thought of as important
    • To explain circumstances in which this right may be reasonably restricted
    Posters
  5. 5— Right to Access to Public Spaces

    Article 26 of the constitution allows the citizens to access public places (excluding places intended for religious purposes) without any discrimination. The article also states that nothing “shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children”. Informal or cultural segregation and class differences in the country usually creates an atmosphere that discourages several sections of the society from accessing public places and services that are otherwise, in principle, open and available to them.

    Public Spaces

    Objectives

    • To make clear that this is a constitutionally guaranteed right that all citizens are entitled to
    • To explain the difference between public and private spaces
    • To encourage greater participation and visibility of marginalized sections of society
    Video
  6. 6— Workers’ Rights

    This campaign intends to empower all employees and factory workers so that they can secure themselves and protect themselves from disagreeable working conditions, from forced labour, and attain all that is due to them for their service.

    Objectives

    • To highlight the importance of a contract for employees
    • To emphasize the importance of proper working conditions, working hours and timely pay
    • To breakdown the pension system as set by the EOBI
    • To explain the scope and workings of forced labour in Pakistan
    • To highlight employee’s right to unionise under article 17
    Video
  7. 7— Safeguard Against Discrimination in Services

    Article 27 of the constitution reads “(1) No citizen otherwise qualified for appointment in the service of Pakistan shall be discriminated against in respect of any such appointment on the ground only of race, religion, caste, sex, residence or place of birth”.

    Public Spaces

    Objectives

    • To promote the representation of disabled persons in workplaces
    • To promote representation of women in workplaces
    • To highlight the benefits of diversity in workplaces
    • To uphold merit as the only deciding factor for hiring and promotions
    Video
  8. 8— Due Process and Right to Fair Trial

    In Pakistan, the Right to Fair Trial was promulgated in the Constitution of Pakistan through the 18th Amendment to the Constitution in 2010, which states that “for the determination of his civil rights and obligations or in any criminal charge against him a person shall be entitled to a fair trial and due process”.

    Objectives

    • To educate citizens about rights they have from the point they are arrested to when they are presented in court
    • To educate citizens about different procedures involved after the arrest is made
    • To highlight illegal practices that law enforcement officers might partake in
    • To emphasize that all citizens, no matter their crime, have a right to due process and fair trial
    • To explain in detail the process of filing an FIR; the instances in which an FIR is filed, the different means of filing, things to keep in mind while recording statements and legal consequences of foul play pertaining to FIR’s.
    Video
  9. 9— Freedom of Religion

    Article 20 of the Constitution grants all citizens the right to profess, practice and propagate their respective religions as well as establish, maintain and manage their own religious institutions.

    Objectives

    • To educate citizens about the existence and implications of Article 20
    • To bring attention to the grave issue of forced conversion
    • To bring attention to the issues of social exclusion, stereotyping and everyday religious discrimination
    Video
  10. 10— Right to Vote

    The right to vote is outlined in Article 51 of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The constitution does not declare the right to vote to be a fundamental right. However, it has been declared to be a fundamental right by various court judgements (2018 PLD 788 Supreme Court, 2018 PLD 631 Karachi High court Sindh). This right ensures that registered citizens of sound mind, over the age of 18, can take part in the political process and exercise their democratic right.

    Objectives

    • To inform citizens about the necessary nature of voting.
    • To empower individuals on their right to vote.
    • To explain the constitutional and legal complexity of this right.
    Video

3

  1. 1— Traffic Signs

    Shehri Pakistan ran a #100Days100Signs campaign in the summer of 2017 which focused on providing, in poster form, a compendium of all the official signs that motorists in Pakistan may encounter.

    Objectives

    • To define the powers of political offices such as that of the Prime Minister, the President, the Chief Minister, etc.
    • To establish the roles of those in the system, such as MNAs, MPAs, Senators, etc., and the difference between these roles.
    • To specify the responsibilities of polling agents, election officers, and a returning officer.
    • To outline the need for diversity in Parliament, the importance of women in the voting process, the voting process, unlawful ways of campaigning, the voting process for disabled individuals, laws for the inclusion of the transgender community in the voting process, and election violence and laws against it.
    Traffic Signs
    Posters
  2. 2— Workers’ Rights

    The campaign surrounding the rights of workers was propelled forward by multiple products that Shehri Pakistan offers, and not just through our Shehri Aaj series or our animations. A large quantity of “Shehri Help Desk” posters also addressed some problems that the public had about the rights of workers, including but not limited to the legality of working overtime, and the payment owed to those who work overtime. The highlight of the campaign was a high-scale animation in partnership with the Pepsi Battle of the Bands winner, Bayaan, that showed the different forms of bonded labour that exist within Pakistan and the long-lasting impact and severity of the issue. This was shown through a blend of colours, and an impactful piece of poetry by the Punjabi philosopher, Bulleh Shah, being narrated over.

    Objectives

    • To inform employees of the rights they hold.
    • To tackle the wages and prices set out by the government that organisations should adhere to.
    • To establish the the importance of women in the workplace.
    • To educate and empower citizens on laws to ensure their comfort and safeguard their rights in such environments, especially in regards to harassment, and unlawful usage of power.
    Videos
  3. 3— Women’s’ Rights

    Shehri Pakistan tailored a full-fledged campaign that addressed various rights that women are entitled to in Pakistan. This included videos that informed viewers of statistics regarding the abuse faced by women, the low voter turnout in the country amongst women, the harassment they face at polls, the percentage of women affected by acid attacks, etc.

    Objectives

    • To empower females on their fundamental rights and inform them of the laws that are in place for their benefit,
    • To educate the public on the lack of representation for females in the country and raise awareness of the issue,
    • To highlight reasons why the inclusion of women is important,
    • To inform females of legal pathways to take if they fall victim to harassment or abuse,
    • To help women know the benefits they are entitled to in the workplace, such as maternity leaves.
    Videos
  4. 4— General Elections (2018)

    Shehri Pakistan ran a special campaign aimed at the general elections of 2018. It focused on empowering citizens with information pertaining to civil procedures such as voting, and the impact that voting has on society and the political system of the country. The campaign also included videos, posters, and GIFs that encouraged young people to vote and simplified the entire process so that more people could understand their political system and be a part of it.

    Objectives

    • To define the powers of political offices such as that of the Prime Minister, the President, the Chief Minister, etc.,
    • To establish the roles of those in the system, such as MNAs, MPAs, Senators, etc., and the difference between these roles,
    • To specify the responsibilities of polling agents, election officers, and a returning officer.
    • To outline the need for diversity in Parliament, the importance of women in the voting process, the voting process, unlawful ways of campaigning, the voting process for disabled individuals, laws for the inclusion of the transgender community in the voting process, and election violence and laws against it.
    General Elections
    Videos